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Malthus died on 23 December 1834.

Malthus had the second edition of his book published in 1803, in which he modified some of his views from the first edition, but essentially his original thesis did not change.

  English economist Malthus is best known for his hugely influential theories on population growth.

However, it was only after he read Malthus' work, he realized that animals in their struggle to survive retained the favorable features that would help them adjust to the environment, and lost those that were of no use to them.

Malthus was of a prosperous family.

Young Malthus was never sent to a public school, but received his education from private tutors.

Far from food running out, as Malthus had feared, it became abundant as trade expanded and low-cost agricultural producers like Argentina and Australia joined the world economy. Reforms based on sound political economy played a vital role, too. In particular, the abolition of the Corn Laws in 1846 paved the way for British workers to gain from cheap food imports.

Malthus got his demographic as well as his economic predictions wrong. His assumption that populations would carry on growing in times of plenty turned out to be false. Starting in Europe, one country after another underwent a “demographic transformation” as economic development brought greater prosperity. Both birth and death rates dropped and population growth eventually started to slow.

Bibliography:Thomas Malthus, "population"

Then, a summary of Malthus' main ideas of the first two chapters of mentioned work follows.

The Malthusian heresy re-emerged in the early 1970s, the last time food prices shot up. Then, at least, there appeared to be some cause for demographic alarm. Global-population growth had picked up sharply after the second world war because it took time for high birth rates in developing countries to follow down the plunge in infant-mortality rates brought about by modern medicine. But once again the worries about overpopulation proved mistaken as the “green revolution” and further advances in agricultural efficiency boosted food supply.

In the first edition of his treatise, Malthus put forth his views that opposed the belief of scholars like Marquis de Condorcet and William Godwin who were optimistic about population growth in England.

2. A short biography Thomas Robert Malthus was born in 1766 (course textbook, n.
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Besides his great work, Malthus wrote ; ; ; and .

He proposed that human beings adopt measures like infanticide, abortion, delay in marriage and strict following of celibacy to check population growth.


Malthus described the whole scenario as a of population growth and its effects.

So i agreed with Thomas Maltius Theory of Population.

However, this will only last till the population equals the food supply and the inflation ceases; after which, overall standard of living will rise and so will the population explosion reaching the same point, hence called the vicious cycle.


In his first edition of the essay, Malthus proposed two main solutions to the problem of population explosion, namely:


This method results in increase in death rate.

An Essay on the Principle of Population - Wikipedia

Such kind of suffering due to overpopulation and limited food supply was inevitable.


Malthus took into account two main assumptions:
Malthus' theory was based on the assumption that the power of population to multiply is much greater than the power of the earth to provide subsistence for man.

An Essay on the Principle of Population by Thomas Malthus

An Essay on the Principle of Population Oxford World s Classics Malthus Thomas Robert An Essay on the Principle of Population or A View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness

Thomas Robert Malthus - Wikipedia

The comparison between the increase of population and food had not, perhaps, been stated with sufficient force and precision", and "few inquiries had been made into the various modes by which the level" between population and the means of subsistence "is effected." The first desideratum here mentioned -- the want, namely, of an accurate statement of the relation between the increase of population and food -- Malthus doubtless supposed to have been supplied by the celebrated proposition that "population increases in a geometrical, food in an arithmetical ratio." This proposition, however, has been conclusively shown to be erroneous, there being no such difference of law between the increase of man and that of the organic beings which form his food.

In his 1798 book An Essay on the Principle of Population, ..

Having been a clergy, Malthus validated his theory on moral grounds that suffering was a way of making human beings realize the virtues of hard work and moral behavior.

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